The information that appeared on this webb page earlier can be found
here. The previous information is, however,
still largely valid and up tp date even if the rules regarding the
actual calculations have been changed radically during the years
2014-2018. The main reason for this is that the legislation for
labelling of chemical substances have changed.
An account of how classification might be carried out according to the
legislation that is presently in force can be found in the report
"Classification of residues from combustion and incineration as
hazardous or non-hazardous waste". It is in Swedish but has a brief
summary in English. There is also a concomitant tool for calculations.
Both documents can be found below under the heading REFERENCES. The work
was financed by the Ash Programme at Energiforsk - the Swedish
Energy Research Centre, Avfall Sverige – the Swedish Waste Management
Association, and the Swedish Energy Agency.
regarding ecotoxic properties have been issued, EU-regulation 2017/997,
and they will come into force on July 5th, 2018.
Anyone in the European
Union in possession or in custody of waste is obligated to know how it is
classified, i. e. if it is hazardous or non-hazardous. The primary
responsibility for this rests with the entity that is generating the
waste. The classification has significance for the handling and management
of the waste, and in come cases - and in some countries - this also
includes the disposal.
incinerator ash and similar wastes is, however, somewhat of a "mission
impossible" in view of the very complex chemical form. This is why a
special method has been developed. There are reasons to believe that such
classifications are cautious even if the uncertainty is high. An important
such reason is that certain trace elements are bonded in the form of solid
solution. Such bonding has been dealt with in the report on stabilization
of lead, see below as well as on documents included in the
old webb page.
The reason for compiling
the new classification report is to make it possible for many to make
classifications themselves, and this includes various consultants that can
be of help with such work. Tekedo has supported many companies in Sweden
with classification, and also helped organizations abroad in a few cases.